Pueblo: Zuni Pueblo
Effie Calavaza is perhaps one of the most widely recognized Zuni artists. Her wonderful “snake” patterned jewelry is unmistakable, and much sought after by collectors. Effie Calavaza specializes in sand casting and incorporates large stones and snake designs, which are incorporated into almost every piece of jewelry she makes. Effie began silver smithing in 1956 after learning from her husband, Juan Calavaza. She uses both her husband’s and her own designs. Her work is stamped EFFIE C. ZUNI in 1/16 Gothic print. This is the family hallmark used by Effie and her three daughters (she shared her spouse’s mark, JUAN C. ZUNI, until his death ca. 1970). Over the years, her daughters, Georgiana Yatsattie, Gloria Jean Garcia and Susie Calavaza have assisted Effie in jewelry making. Despite many rumors, Effie is still making jewelry to this day. Effie’s work is collected throughout the world.